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Science

Mrs H Keogh

Science Subject Leader



Science Policies & Guidelines - View

Science National Curriculum Programmes of Study - View


In Nursery and Reception the children learn the importance for good health of physical exercise and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep healthy and safe. They also know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things.

In Key Stages 1 and 2 Science is delivered through four strands:


Useful Links:

The Association for Science Education - View

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Years 1 and 2:

  • Ask simple questions
  • Observe using simple equipment
  • Identify and classify
  • Perform simple tests

Years 3 and 4

  • Ask questions and investigate the answer
  • Make careful observations and take accurate measurements
  • Set up practical enquiries
  • Gather, record, classify and present data
  • Use scientific language
  • Draw simple conclusions and make predictions

Years 5 and 6

  • Plan different types of scientific enquiries
  • Take measurements using a range of scientific equipment
  • Record data and results using scientific diagrams and labels, keys, tables and graphs
  • Use test results to make predictions to set up further comparisons and fair tests
  • Report and present findings from enquiries
  • Use scientific evidence to support arguments or ideas

Year 1

  • Identify and name plants and trees
  • Know the basic structure of plants
  • Identify and name common animals
  • Know the basic structure of common animals and how to care for them

Year 2

  • Compare living things, those that are dead and things that have never lived
  • Know that animals live in habitats to which they are suited
  • Know about simple food chains
  • Describe how seeds and bulbs grow into plants and what they need for life
  • Learn how animals grow and what they need to survive
  • Know what makes a healthy lifestyle

Year 3

  • Describe the functions of different parts of plants
  • Explore the requirements of plants for life and growth
  • Learn about pollination, seed formation and seed dispersal
  • Identify that animals need the right types and amount of nutrition
  • Know that humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles

    Year 4

    • Recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways
    • Use classification keys for living things
    • Know that environments change which can pose danger to living things
    • Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans
    • Identify the different types of teeth
    • Construct and interpret a variety of food chains

    Year 5

    • Describe the differences in the life cycles of different types of animals
    • Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals
    • Describe the changes as humans develop to old age

    Year 6

    • Describe how living things are classified into board groups according to common characteristics
    • Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics
    • Identify the main parts of the human circulatory system
    • Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the body
    • Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals
    • Recognise that humans have changed over time and how fossils provide clues to the past
    • Recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary
    • Identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution
  • Year 1

    • Distinguish between an object and the material from which it is made
    • Identify and name a variety of everyday materials
    • Describe the physical properties of a variety of everyday materials
    • Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials using their common properties

    Year 2

    • Identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials for particular uses
    • Know how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by different forces
    • Find out about people who have developed new materials

    Year 3

    • Compare and group together different kinds of rocks
    • Describe how fossils are formed
    • Recognise that soils are made from rocks and organic matter

    Year 4

    • Compare and group materials together according to their state
    • Observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled
    • Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle
    • Explore a variety of everyday materials and develop simple descriptions of the states of matter
    • Observe water in different states

    Year 5

    • Compare and group together everyday materials on the basis of their properties
    • Know that some materials will dissolve in liquid and describe how to recover a substance from a solution
    • Decide how mixtures might be separated
    • Give reasons, based on evidence from investigations, for the particular uses of everyday materials
    • Demonstrate that dissolving, mixing and changes of state are reversible changes
    • Explain that some changes result in the formation of new materials and that this can often be irreversible

    Year 1

    • Observe changes across the four seasons
    • Observe and describe weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies

    Year 3

    • Recognise that light is needed to see and that dark is absence of light
    • That light is reflected from surfaces
    • Recognise that light from the Sun can be dangerous
    • Recognise that shadows are formed when the light from a source is blocked
    • Find patterns in the way that size of shadows change
    • Compare how things move on different surfaces
    • Know that some forces need contact between two objects, but magnetic forces can act as at a distance
    • Observe how magnets attract and repel and know about their two poles
    • Group materials on whether they are magnetic

    Year 4

    • Identify how sounds are made
    • Recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear
    • Find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it
    • Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it
    • Recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound source increases
    • Identify common appliances that run on electricity
    • Construct a simple series electrical circuit and test it using different components
    • Recognise some common conductors and insulators

    Year 5

    • Describe the movement of the Earth and other planets, relative to the Sun in the solar system
    • Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth
    • Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the Sun across the sky
    • Explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity
    • Identify the effects of air resistance and friction
    • Recognise that some mechanisms allow a smaller force to have a greater effect

    Year 6

    • Recognise that light appears to travel in straight lines
    • Use the ideas that light travels in straight lines to explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye
    • Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain why shadows have the same shape as the object that cast them
    • Associate the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in the circuit
    • Compare and give reasons for variations in how components function in electrical circuits